Federal Law

DEA: Medications Containing Hydrocodone Subject To Stricter Prescribing Rules


The federal government announced that more than 65 prescription medications containing the most widely-prescribed painkiller, hydrocodone, will now be subject to new, stricter federal prescribing rules as of this past week.


The new regulations published by the DEA will make medications which contain hydrocodone subject to the same restrictions as other narcotics such as oxycodone and morphine.


The rules cover an array of prescription painkillers which combine hydrocodone with other analgesics such as, acetaminophen (Vicodin) or ibuprofen (Reprexain), as well as some prescription cough medications, all of which will be now be regulated as schedule II drugs.


The move was made in an effort to curb the abuse of these medications by limiting how they can be prescribed.

Hydrocodone has been listed as a schedule II drug since the enactment of the Controlled Substances Act in 1971, but many hydrocodone-containing medications remained in the less restrictive, schedule III category.


Among the changes in prescribing rules for hydrocodone-containing medications:


* A verbal prescription is allowed only in emergencies and a written prescription must follow within seven days or the pharmacist will notify the DEA

* Faxed, original prescriptions are permitted for home infusion/IV pain therapy, long-term-care facilities and hospices or terminally-ill patients.

* Prescriptions are limited to 30-day supplies, but prescribers may write up to three separate prescriptions, each for up to a one-month supply. Prescriptions will be void after 90 days.


State Health officials are encouraging doctors and other health professionals to use electronic prescribing for all schedule II medications.


U.S. Sentencing Commission Weighs Lesser Penalties White Collar Crimes


New Orleans White Collar Crime Defense Attorney

United Sentencing Commission considers softer sentences for federal white collar crimes


In the coming year the Feds will consider changes to sentencing guidelines for some white-collar crimes.

The U.S. Sentencing Commission, which earlier this year reduced guideline ranges for nonviolent drug crimes, unanimously approved its latest set of items on the books. The top priority will be working with Congress on reducing mandatory minimum penalties for many white-collar crimes. Another goal will be measuring the fairness of sentences for fraud and other economic crimes.

The legal panel had been reviewing data for several years, but plans to hear more from judges, victims and others.

Defense lawyers who have sought the changes, say an opportunity to act opened once the sentencing commission cut sentencing guidelines for drug crimes. This cleared a major priority from its big agenda.

Given the public outrage at those executives and huge companies who stole their clients’ life savings and lingering anger over the damage inflicted by the 2008 financial crisis, it seems a strange time to re-vamp the present guidelines. The discussion about adjusting sentences for economic crimes comes as some federal judges have chosen to ignore the existing guidelines in some cases. The Justice Department welcomes a fresh set of eyes as it looks for ways to cut costs in an overpopulated federal prison system. Sentencing guidelines are advisory rather than mandatory, but judges still rely on them many times to add a degree of consistency to their penalties.

White collar sentences are similar to federal drug sentences, but instead of relying on drug quantity to determine a sentence, white collar guidelines use monetary loss. In both cases, considerations bearing on culpability, such as harm, motive, and mitigating circumstances hold almost no sway. With Congress poised to reform drug sentencing, the next logical step is tackling the guidelines for economic crimes. It’s increasingly likely that the U.S. Sentencing Commission will do exactly that during its next session. In anticipation of this opportunity, Families Against Mandatory Minimums (FAMM) announces the launch of the “Fit the Crime” project. This project will raise awareness about the shortcomings of the current fraud guidelines and possible reforms for 2015.

No one is seeking leniency for the likes of imprisoned financier Bernie Madoff, who’s serving a 150-year sentence for bilking thousands of people of nearly $20 billion, or fallen corporate titans whose greed drove their companies into the ground. But defense lawyers are calling for a sentencing structure that takes into account the broad continuum of economic crime and that better differentiates between, for example, a thief who steals a dollar each from a million people versus $1 million from one person.


It’s time to make the time fit the crime!


If you or a loved one is facing allegations of a white collar crime or other federal criminal offense, contact attorney Elizabeth B. Carpenter for a consultation.  We are ready to give you a strong defense.


Federal Drug Prisoners May Be Released Sooner

It’s Time to Open these Gates!

The U.S. Sentencing Commission (USSC) voted in favor of making new federal drug guideline sentence reductions retroactive.


Most of you know by now, our country is in the midst of an incarceration crisis.  Our great nation locks up more, per-capita, than any other nation.  Many of these inmates are victims of harsh sentencing initiatives resulting from the failed war on drugs.

Last week, we received good news from Washington.  Nearly, 46,000 federal drug offenders (25% of BOP population) will be able to file a motion in court to have their sentence reduced by an average of 2 years. This will only apply for those sentenced before November 1, 2014.  The average sentence reduction for those who qualify will be two years!

Those of you with loved ones in federal prison may be asking, “Now what?”

Remember: not all federal drug offenders sentenced before November 1, 2014, will be eligible for a sentence reduction, and the reductions are not automatic.

Who won’t be helped by this decision?

1.  Prisoners sentenced for other than a drug offense.
2.  Prisoners serving a mandatory minimum for a drug offense.
3.  Prisoners sentenced as Career Offenders.

While courts can begin considering and granting motions for sentence reductions starting on November 1, 2014, prisoner releases will not begin until November 1, 2015. The Commission is giving courts and probation officers a chance to handle the big influx of motions for sentence reductions before probation officers must turn their attention to supervising the prisoners upon release.


If you are wondering if your loved one qualifies for this sentencing reduction, contact Federal Criminal Defense Attorney Elizabeth B. Carpenter.



Facts, Lies and Videotaped Interrogations




The Justice Department recently said that the F.B.I. and other federal law enforcement agencies are encouraged to videotape interviews with suspects in most instances. This new policy does not apply in cases where agents need urgent national security-related information that could expose sources or methods or where the interviewed subject request to not be videoed.  This is one of the most significant changes in F.B.I. policy under James B. Comey, who took charge as the bureau’s director in September. Mr. Comey’s predecessor, Robert S. Mueller III, and senior bureau officials had once opposed the video requirement, saying the tapes could reveal agents’ interrogation tactics and discourage witnesses from talking.

The new policy, which goes into effect in July 2014, applies to the F.B.I., the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, the Drug Enforcement Administration and the Marshals Service. These federal law enforcement agencies are also encouraged to use electronic recording in other parts of their investigations, like witness interviews.

The former official, Paul K. Charlton, said federal prosecutors were unnecessarily losing cases because they were unable to present to jurors the most damning evidence available to them: videotaped confessions.

“The most difficult part of proving a crime involves the state of mind, and that is almost always obtained through a statement of the suspect.“

I think this is one of the most significant improvements in the criminal justice system in a long time. Cameras are on neighborhood poles, the corner of big box stores and spread all throughout modern society. Cameras help cops when stops are made. Many Officers now must wear a mini camera on their person. Why would anyone suggest a video-taped interview, hot after a crime would not provide a closer look at the truth, is beyond me.

Of course, I could see how law enforcement would not like the eye in the sky recording their “strategic approach” to obtaining information, confessions and what-have you. Now, the very first time an interviewee asks for a lawyer, the agents can’t just offer the subject a cigarette, cup of bad coffee and hit it again an hour later with some new angle. Now the interview will actually be over. “I want my lawyer…I don’t want to talk anymore!” ACTUALLY means that.

That is Power- and that is good for justice


Mail Fraud — Federal Law



Mail Fraud: Fictitious Name or Address — 18 USC § 1342


What is Federal Mail Fraud?


Conducting, promoting, or carrying on by means of the Postal Service, any scheme, fraud, artifice or any other unlawful business, uses or assumes, or requests to be addressed by, any fictitious, false, or assumed title, name, or address or name other than his own proper name, or takes or receives from any post office or authorized depository of mail matter, any letter, postal card, package, or other mail matter addressed to any such fictitious, false, or assumed title, name, or address, or name other than his own proper name.


The term “scheme or artifice to defraud” includes a scheme or artifice to deprive another of the intangible right of honest services.


What is the penalty for Federal Mail Fraud?


Fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both.



The mail and wire fraud statutes are essentially the same, except for the method associated with the offense – the mail in the case of mail fraud and wire communication in the case of wire fraud. As a consequence, the interpretation of one is ordinarily considered to apply to the other.  As a consequence there seems to be little dispute that conviction requires the government to prove the following elements:

  1. the use of either mail or wire communications in the foreseeable furtherance
  2. of a scheme to defraud
  3. involving a material deception
  4. with the intent to deprive another of
  5. either property or honest services.



If you or a loved one has been indicted for mail fraud or any other federal white collar crime, contact our law firm for a consultation.  Let us start working for you today!




Fraud By Wire, Radio, Television — Federal Law

Federal Criminal Defense Attorney Louisiana



 Fraud By Wire, Radio, or Television — 18 USC § 1343


Devising or intending to devise any scheme or artifice to defraud, or for obtaining money or property by means of false or fraudulent pretenses, representations, or promises, transmits or causes to be transmitted by means of wire, radio, or television communication in interstate or foreign commerce, any writings, signs, signals, pictures, or sounds for the purpose of executing such scheme or artifice.


The elements of of this offense are directly parallel those of the Mail Fraud Statute, but require the use of an interstate telephone call or electronic communication made in furtherance of the scheme.



A fine or imprisonment of not more than 20 years, or both.

If the violation occurs in relation to, or involving any benefit authorized, transported, transmitted, transferred, disbursed, or paid in connection with, a presidentially declared major disaster or emergency, or affects a financial institution.

Fined not more than $1,000,000 or imprisoned not more than 30 years, or both.


If you have been indicted for a federal crime, contact our law firm for a consultation. We are ready to start building your defense today!



Crack Cocaine — Fair Sentencing Act 2010 Amendment



Federal Criminal Defense Attorney



What Is the Crack Cocaine Amendment to the Federal Sentencing Guidelines? 


Historically, federal law treated those convicted of crack cocaine offenses much more harshly than those convicted of offenses involving cocaine. This is despite the fact that chemically the substances are very similar and physiologically they react with the body in the same way.  The sentencing disparity between crack cocaine and cocaine offenses was originally 100 to 1. This means that if a conviction for 100 grams of cocaine would result in a 30 year sentence, it would only take 1 gram of crack cocaine to get a 30 year sentence.


The difference in the law had an enormous effect on who gets the harsher punishments, as crack cocaine is found more often in neighborhoods that are predominantly occupied by African Americans and cocaine is generally found in more affluent, White areas.  This resulted in the over incarceration of African Americans in the United States.


Over the years, civil rights advocates and criminal defense attorneys called for a more fair sentencing structure that treats the two drugs more similarly.  Lawmakers eventually realized that this distinction was not scientifically supported and had contributed to the over criminalization of African Americans over the years.  A few years ago, the federal government took a step in the right direction and decreased the disparity between the two drugs.  In 2010, lawmakers reduced the crack/cocaine disparity to about 18 to 1.  While still far from equal, this was a welcome step by many because it showed willingness to compromise on the issue.  These changes went into effect on November 1, 2011.


Retroactivity of the Amendment


Once the lawmakers decided that the sentencing scheme was not fair as written, and that it needed to be rewritten to reduce the disparity, that raised another question: Can it be retroactively applied?


Unfortunately, despite the passage of the Fair Sentencing Act, there are thousands of people — the vast majority of whom are African American — still in prison serving excessive sentences based on the discredited 100:1 sentencing disparity. In May of this year, a majority panel of the Sixth Circuit concluded that it was unconstitutional to allow thousands of already incarcerated offenders to continue to serve extremely long sentences based on the 100:1 disparity, while allowing offenders – who have committed identical crimes – to receive significantly shorter sentences, based on the 18:1 sentencing calculation, simply because they were sentenced later.


However, this decision has been appealed.  We are still awaiting a decision.  I am wondering if the 6th Circuit overstepped its power.  I seem to remember congress being the only branch of government with the power to retroactively apply a statute.



To find out if you are eligible for a sentence reduction, you should contact an experienced criminal defense attorney to discuss the specific facts of your case.


Have You Been Charged With the Possession of Crack or Cocaine Base?


If you have been charged with a federal drug offense, you are facing some serious jail time.  The best thing to do is to ensure that you have the assistance of an experienced New Orleans federal criminal defense attorney as soon in the process as possible. The longer your attorney is able to work on your case, the better the chances are of negotiating the case out of court and avoiding the expense and stress of trial.


Related Posts:

Federal Drug-Trafficking Penalties For Cocaine

Defending Possession with Intent to Distribute Cases — Federal and State Court Drug Crimes




Bank Fraud — Federal Law


New Orleans Federal Defense Attorney


This past week, a former LSU football player pled guilty to Bank Fraud in the US Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana.  Lucky for him, Robert Packnett avoided jail time and was sentenced to 5 years federal probation.  He was also ordered to pay approximately $233,000 in restitution.  His indictment to Bank Fraud arose from the practice of Mortgage Fraud.  According to the indictment, between 2011 and 2012 he submitted doctored documents to First NBC Bank overstating his income. He also applied for at least six mortgages, refinanced mortgages and commercial lines of credit. In order to qualify for these mortgages, Packnett had to submit proof of income; he submitted documentation overstating the monthly rental payments he received from tenants, as well as claiming income from properties that were in fact vacant.


Bank Fraud — 18 USC § 1344

What is Federal Bank Fraud?


Whoever knowingly executes, or attempts to execute, a scheme or artifice-


(1) to defraud a financial institution; or

(2) to obtain any of the moneys, funds, credits, assets, securities, or other property owned by, or under the custody or control of, a financial institution, by means of false or fraudulent pretenses, representations, or promises.

The criminal law elements of a violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1344 (1) bank fraud which must be contained in an indictment and must be proved by the government beyond a reasonable doubt are as follows:


  • The defendant knowingly executed or attempted to execute a scheme or artifice to defraud.
  • The defendant did defraud or attempt to defraud the financial institution.
  • The defendant used a material misrepresentation or concealment of a material fact as part of the scheme or attempted scheme.
  • The financial institution was insured or chartered by the federal government.

The criminal law elements of a violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1344 (2) bank fraud which must be contained in an indictment and must be proved by the government beyond a reasonable doubt are as follows:

  • The defendant knowingly executed or attempted to execute a scheme or artifice to obtain the money (or other property) owned by, or under the custody or control of, a financial institution.
  • The defendant used materially false or fraudulent pretenses, representations, or promises in the execution or attempted execution of the scheme.
  • The financial institution was insured or chartered by the federal government.


What is the penalty for federal bank fraud?


Fine of not more than $1,000,000 or imprisoned not more than 30 years, or both.



There are a number of other federal statutes prohibiting fraud against banks or other similar financial institutions, including, but not necessarily limited to, the following:

  • 18 U.S.C. § 1004. Certification of checks.
  • 18 U.S.C. § 1005. Bank entries, reports and transactions.
  • 18 U.S.C. § 1006. Federal credit institution entries, reports and transactions.
  • 18 U.S.C. § 1007. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation transactions.
  • 18 U.S.C. § 1013. Farm loan bonds and credit bank debentures.
  • 18 U.S.C. § 1014. Loan and credit applications generally; renewals and discounts; crop insurance.
  • 18 U.S.C. § 1029. Fraud and related activity in connection with access devices.
  • 18 U.S.C. § 1032. Concealment of assets from conservator, receiver, or liquidating agent of financial institution.



If you or a loved one has been indicted for Bank Fraud call White Collar Defense Attorney.



Federal Drug Trafficking Penalties For Cocaine — Louisiana



Federal Trafficking Penalties for Schedule II Cocaine


FOR:   Schedule II Cocaine —  500-4999 grams mixture            Or            

              Schedule II Cocaine Base — 28-279 grams mixture


First Offense: Not less than 5 yrs. and not more than 40 yrs. If death or serious bodily injury, not less than 20 yrs. or more than life. Fine of not more than $5 million if an individual, $25 million if not an individual.


Second Offense: Not less than 10 yrs. and not more than life.


If death or serious bodily injury, life imprisonment. Fine of not more than $8 million if an individual, $50 million if not an individual.


FOR:     Schedule II Cocaine — 5 kilograms or more mixture      Or  

                Schedule II Cocaine Base — 280 grams or more mixture

First Offense: Not less than 10 yrs. and not more than life. If death or serious bodily injury, not less than 20 yrs. or more than life. Fine of not more than $10 million if an individual, $50 million if not an individual.


Second Offense: Not less than 20 yrs, and not more than life. If death or serious bodily injury, life imprisonment. Fine of not more than $20 million if an individual, $75 million if not an individual.


2 or More Prior Offenses: Life imprisonment. Fine of not more than $20 million if an individual, $75 million if not an individual.



If you are facing federal drug trafficking charges, contact Attorney Elizabeth Bagert Carpenter.  She is a highly skilled New Orleans Drug Crimes Attorney.  We are ready to fight for you!





What To Do After Receiving A Federal Indictment



What To Do After Receiving a Federal Indictment


A federal indictment is a formal legal document that charges an individual with a federal crime. Usually, an indictment is issued after a grand jury convenes and determines that there is probable cause to believe that the subject of the indictment committed the crime in question.


This is slightly different than in state court, where a judge usually determines if there is probable cause. Prosecutors actually have a harder job in federal cases, because, instead of convincing one judge that there is probable cause, the prosecutor must convince an entire jury. With that said, because federal indictments are difficult to obtain, often they are only sought by federal prosecutors when they think that they can obtain one, i.e, when they have a strong case. Because of this, criminal cases in federal court have an extremely high conviction rate, above 90% in most jurisdictions.


If You Have Been Federally Indicted…

Have you been issued a federal indictment? If so, this is an extremely serious time in your life. Many federal crimes have the potential to result in long prison sentences. Combine that with the high conviction rate in federal court and it equals a serious situation for the federal criminal defendant. Everything must be done to increase your chances acquittal or, if that is not an option, create a strong case for mitigation.


Receiving a federal indictment, while serious, does not mean that one should give up hope and succumb to the wishes of the prosecutor. There is always something to benefit from having an experienced federal defense attorney at your side throughout the entire federal criminal proceeding.


First, an experienced federal defense attorney can determine what defenses may be applicable in your specific circumstance. For example, evidence seized illegally under the 4th Amendment must be suppressed and cannot be considered by the court. In many cases where evidence is suppressed, the charges get dropped. Other cases may hinge on the reliability of scientific evidence; so even if it seems like hope is lost, that isn’t necessarily the case.


In some cases the prosecutors have a strong case. In these situations, an experienced attorney can create a strong case for mitigation, hoping to convince the sentencer to be lenient and sentence the defendant in the lower range of the sentencing guidelines.


The bottom line is that being federally indicted is a serious matter, but not so much that one should give up hope. There is always something that can be done to increase the chances of acquittal or at least the opportunity to convince the court to implement a fair sentence.


Legal Help

If you have been issued a federal indictment, you need to consult with an experienced federal criminal defense attorney. Doing so will ensure that you are well represented during what is likely going to be the most important, stressful time of your life.